JDC founded to assist Jews in need
With the onset of World War I, some 60,000 Jews in Ottoman-ruled Palestine were near starvation, cut off from traditional sources of support in the European Jewish community. Henry Morgenthau Sr., U.S. Ambassador to Turkey, cabled prominent American Jewish leader Jacob Schiff in New York, appealing for $50,000 (equal to $1 million today) in aid to be dispatched immediately. American Jewish donors promptly wired the sum, and JDC was born.
Photograph: Underwood and Underwood